rollback internals

While researching redo log internals for V00D00 we had to face the fact, that we know shit about real transactional behavior. When I say "real", I mean – under the hood. Even with a very simple stuff like COMMIT and ROLLBACK we were constantly amazed by the internal mechanisms. Today let’s take ROLLBACK under the […]


How Oracle stores numbers internally

Before you proceed, please check out this short article written by Tanel Poder: http://blog.tanelpoder.com/2010/09/02/which-number-takes-more-space-in-an-oracle-row/ In the documentation, you can find the following explanation about the internal numeric format: Oracle stores numeric data in variable-length format. Each value is stored in scientific notation, with 1 byte used to store the exponent and up to 20 bytes […]


When UPDATE becomes an INSERT

During a research for VOODOO, we came across a lot of interesting stuff inside REDO. One of my favourites is an UPDATE, becoming an INSERT 🙂 So let’s see what has happened – I performed the following update on a sample table: The regular dump of redo log with an UPDATE looks like this: In […]


How to recover a dropped package from archivelogs – based on research for VOODOO engine

Sorry for long time without post, but we are writing with Marcin Rydz a new heterogenous replication product based on archivelogs and it’s consuming a looooooot of our time 🙂 Yes I know it’s nothing new on the market. There are other cool products and I know they’ll be probably be better. But we want […]


ODBV improvements

Thanks to suggestions made by Frits Hoogland, I made some improvements to the ODBV. The new version can be found here: http://ora-600.pl/oinstall/odbv.x86_64 The changes are: Recognition of first, second and third level bitmap block Recognition of pagetable segment header Block number ranges on the left side The blocks will be coloured properly to belonging segment. […]


back to the basics: ALTER TABLE MOVE vs SHRINK

It’s time for the next article with ODBV visualisation 🙂 This time let’s examine the difference between move and shrink – this is very common question on a lot of trainings. You can find a lot of great articles in the Internet regarding this subject but I think that visualisation really helps to understand what […]


back to the basics: truncate table reuse storage vs drop storage

From time to time I get questions on my trainings, what is the difference between TRUNCATE TABLE and TRUNCATE TABLE DROP STORAGE… well, there is no difference because DROP STORAGE is default 😉 DROP STORAGE Specify DROP STORAGE to deallocate all space from the deleted rows from the table except the space allocated by the […]


Oracle Database Block Visualizer

Recently I wanted to demonstrate to some people on my training, how Oracle database maintains blocks in a datafile – what happens after truncate, truncate with drop storage clause, delete, regular insert, direct path insert and so on… I didn’t find any tool for that so I’ve written my own. It’s core code is based […]


Using DTrace to understand why PL/SQL packages can be faster than stored procedures (kgiPinObject)

I know – everyone knows, that PL/SQL packages are faster than stored procedures. If you’ll ask anyone at the training or in your dev team "what is better" – you’ll (almost) always hear: PL/SQL packages. But why exactly? The documentation says: The first time you invoke a package subprogram, Oracle Database loads the whole package […]


session cached cursors and the significance of PL/SQL (kksParseCursor)

Years pass by and I think that the more I’m trying to understand the Oracle RDBMS – the less I know. Recently I started to examine the behavior of session cursor cache and I noticed an interesting thing. But let’s start from the beginning like we should 🙂 The documentation says: About the Session Cursor […]


how to recover dropped package

Sometimes you drop something by accident – you know, the syndrome called "An Enter Too Far". If you drop a table, the case is easy – you can use recyclebin to restore it. But when you drop a package or procedure… well, you have a problem 🙂 Of course, you could use a flashback query […]


Context switch – PL/SQL cursor loops and fetchsize vs opifch2

Well it has been a month since my last blog post, so I think it’s time to write something 🙂 Those context switches can be a real pain in the ass – there is a great article by Frits Hoogland about context switching from SQL to PL/SQL – you can read it here: https://fritshoogland.wordpress.com/2016/01/23/plsql-context-switch/ You […]

Exadata & SR-IOV

Infiniband SR-IOV on Exadata OVM

Virtual hosts on Exadata with OVM are HVM and not PV. This is one of the limitations of Infiniband SR-IOV – can’t be used with PV. So there is a qemu used to emulate the hardware While accessing a physical device from within a DOMU we can see that actual work is being done on […]


Exadata & OVM: Unable to get map of the virtual network interfaces

This week I had a "pleasure" of reimaging Exadata server to use OVM. During this process we hit interesting problem – after the reimaging process there was no bridge at DOM0, corresponding to the client network – because of this, the OEDA sofware returned an error like this: The error was produced by this script: […]


AWK to the rescue 2 – 10046+10053 = ?

I’ve created recently a script in AWK to create wait event histogram from 10046 trace file. The script can be found here. I thought that a good idea would be creating a little script to analyze the contents of 10053 and 10046 events together. So I wrote one 🙂 You can download it here: http://ora-600.pl/oinstall/format_10046_10053.awk […]


Exadata – direct path write temp and flash disks

Some time ago one of my students asked me if temp segments are being written to flash disks on Exadata… Well I wasn’t sure 🙂 But recently I had some time to check it. Let’s create some query that will generate temp segment: Great. Now we have to do some tracing at the cell servers […]

12c & external tables

How to list files from directory using external table in 12c

I’ve wrote about privilege escalation with external tables in this post: http://blog.ora-600.pl/2014/12/23/simple-technics-of-privilege-escalation-part2-dbasysdba/ This time we will try to list all files within directory object, to which we have no EXECUTE privs. This is possible due to great new feature of database 12c that allows to use metacharacters to match multiple files in external table. I […]


Oracle SPARC M7 – tracing DAX with DTrace and busstat

Thanks to Oracle I had a possibility to test the new Sparc M7 with DAX coprocessors to boost In-Memory performance. You can read about it here and here My first thought was – how to check if and when the DAX coprocessors are being used? When you have a POC for Exadata, you want to […]

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